State Minimums For Your Car Insurance

If someone from another state crashes into you, all bets are off. Even if you have “limited tort” car insurance, you can sue someone from outside the state for pain and suffering if they crash into you.

What happens if I don’t have “enough” car insurance?

No fault insurance is the good news. Now for the bad news. If you‘re at fault in a car accident and cause a serious injury where the damages exceed your insurance liability limits, you could be held responsible for any claims in excess of your policy limits. In order to pay those claims, you could be forced by the courts to sell your property or liquidate your savings account and other financial assets. The worst case scenario is that your current and future earnings could be garnished by court order. By simply purchasing car insurance with sufficient liability limits to account for both your current assets and future net worth, you can guard against this risk. And that’s what car insurance is for.

Does my car insurance cover me in another state?

There IS more good news, though. If you carry the state law minimum car insurance for your state and have a accident in another state with higher minimum coverages or other coverage not even required in your state (such as personal injury protection), your policy will automatically increase to meet that state’s minimum coverage requirements. Check out your state’s minimum auto insurance requirements in the chart below (liability limits are in thousands).

What do the liability numbers mean?

The first number is the bodily injury liability maximum for one person injured in a car accident. The second number is bodily injury liability maximum for all injuries in a single accident. The third number is property damage liability maximum for one accident.

So if you live in the great state of Ohio, your car insurance policy will cover up to $12,500 in bodily injury claims for each person with a maximum of $25,000 for a single accident. It will cover only $7,500 in property damage – damage to the other party’s vehicle. How many cars on the road are only worth $7,500? Crash into any standard luxury car today and you could be facing a court date.

“Minimums” truly are just that … the absolute minimum you need to keep yourself out of hot water.

State Liability required? Personal Injury Protection? No-fault state? Uninsured Motorist Required?
Alabama Yes, 25/50/25 No No No
Alaska Yes, 50/100/25 No No No
Arizona Yes, 15/30/10 No No No
Arkansas Yes, 25/50/25 Yes No No
California (1) Yes, 15/30/5 No No No
Colorado Yes, 25/50/15 No No No
Connecticut Yes, 20/40/10 No No Yes
Delaware Yes, 15/30/10 Yes No No
Florida (2) No, 10/20/10 Yes Yes No
Georgia Yes, 25/50/25 No No No
Hawaii Yes, 20/40/10 Yes Yes No
Idaho Yes, 25/50/15 No No No
Illinois Yes, 20/40/15 No No Yes
Indiana Yes, 25/50/10 No No No
Iowa Yes, 20/40/15 No No No
Kansas Yes, 25/50/10 Yes Yes Yes
Kentucky Yes, 25/50/10 Yes Yes No
Louisiana Yes, 15/30/25 No No No
Maine (3) Yes, 50/100/25 No No Yes
Maryland (4) Yes, 20/40/15 Yes No Yes
Massachusetts Yes, 20/40/5 Yes Yes Yes
Michigan Yes, 20/40/10 Yes Yes No
Minnesota Yes, 30/60/10 Yes Yes Yes
Mississippi Yes, 25/50/25 No No No
Missouri Yes, 25/50/10 No No Yes
Montana Yes, 25/50/10 No No No
Nebraska Yes, 25/50/25 No No No
Nevada Yes, 15/30/10 No No No
New Hampshire No, 25/50/25 No No Yes
New Jersey (5) Yes, 15/30/5 Yes Yes Yes
New Mexico Yes, 25/50/10 No No No
New York (6) Yes, 25/50/10 Yes Yes Yes
North Carolina Yes, 30/60/25 No No Yes
North Dakota Yes, 25/50/25 Yes Yes Yes
Ohio Yes, 12.5/25/7.5 No No No
Oklahoma Yes, 25/50/25 No No No
Oregon Yes, 25/50/10 Yes No Yes
Pennsylvania Yes, 15/30/5 Yes Yes No
Rhode Island (2) Yes, 25/50/25 No No Yes
South Carolina Yes, 25/50/25 No No Yes
South Dakota Yes, 25/50/25 No No Yes
Tennessee (2) Yes, 25/50/15 No No No
Texas Yes, 25/50/25 No No No
Utah (2) Yes, 25/65/15 Yes Yes No
Vermont Yes, 25/50/10 No No No
Virginia Yes, 25/50/20 No No Yes
Washington Yes, 25/50/10 No No No
Washington D.C. Yes, 25/50/10 No No Yes
West Virginia Yes, 20/40/10 No No Yes
Wisconsin Yes, 50/100/55 No No Yes
Wyoming Yes, 25/50/20 No No No

(1) Low-cost policy limits for drivers in the California Automobile Assigned Risk Plan are 10/20/3.
(2) Instead of policy limits, policyholders can satisfy the requirement with a single combined policy. Amounts vary by state.
(3) In addition, policyholders must carry at least $1,000 for medical payments.
(4) PIP may be waived for the policyholder but it is compulsory for passengers.
(5) Basic policy (optional) limits are 10/10/5. UM/UIM coverage is not available under a basic policy but UIM is required under a standard policy.
(6) In addition, policyholders must have 50/100 for wrongful death coverage.

Photo by wonderferret